If you need to get in touch with me, you can reach me at English soon gained official status in what are today GambiaSierra LeoneGhanaNigeria and Cameroonand some of the pidgin and creoles which developed from English contact, including Krio Sierra Leone and Cameroon Pidginhave large numbers of speakers now.
So among themselves they came up with an agreed version, which might or might not have been what was intended by the California staff.
The language was advocated as acceptable for learned and literary use.
You can reach me AT However, less than a quarter of the vocabulary of Modern English is derived from the shared ancestry with other West Germanic languages because of extensive borrowings from NorseNormanLatinand other languages. Vocabulary items entering English World englishes Norse including the pronouns they, and them are thus attributable to the on-again-off-again Viking occupation of Northern England during the centuries prior to the Norman Conquest see, e.
Benefiting from the legacy of the British Empire, and the rise in influence of the most powerful member of that Empire - the USA - English or kinds of English is World englishes spoken all over the globe. World Englishes and Global Commerce: Although the language of the masses remained English, the bilingual character of England in this period was thus formed.
Consonants[ edit ] The following consonant changes apply for most non-native speakers of the language: These beloved gurus are now, in the words of Abhinavagupta, the greatest of Kashmiri scholars whose millennial anniversary we celebrate this year, kiirti maatra shariira present only through their famebut they will be missed by their world-wide, extended family of scholars and students.
English as a lingua franca in foreign language teaching[ edit ] See also: Dual standard[ edit ] Two approaches to International English are the individualistic and inclusive approach and the new dialect approach.
Non-native pronunciation[ edit ] Monolingual Filipino-language-speakers often have non-standard pronunciations; a number of other indigenous languages, employ phonemes such as [f], [v], and [z].
Borrowings are limited to lexical items; with local place names and terms for local fauna and flora being adopted by the English. E-mail is the best way to get in touch with me. Most of these Englishes developed as a result of imperial expansion that brought the language to various parts of the world.
As a result, standardised English writing became a powerful tool in the hands of government, church and school in asking the peoples of the British Isles to see themselves as one. Through half a century of meticulous scholarship and energetic advocacy, Kachru demonstrated that the non-native Englishes such as Indian English, Nigerian English, and Singapore and Filipino English were rule-governed systems, shaped by natural evolutionary processes of second language learning and multilingual creativity, and vibrant expressions of distinct cultural identities.
The British colonisation of Australia starting in brought the English language to Oceania.My parents are native speakers of English *; In order to process your responses, we need to know where you acquired your dialect features. This usually means that you should answer the questions below based on where you were raised, but if you have acquired your dialect features from more than one place, please answer with the place where you feel you acquired the majority of these features.
World Englishes is a term for emerging localized or indigenized varieties of English, especially varieties that have developed in territories influenced by the United Kingdom or the United States. The study of World Englishes consists of identifying varieties of English used in diverse sociolinguistic contexts globally and analyzing how.
World Englishes (A Hodder Education Publication) 2nd Edition. by Gunnel Melchers (Author) › Visit Amazon's Gunnel Melchers Page. Find all the books, read about the author, and more.
World Englishes, Second Edition provides you with an engaging overview of the global variations in vocabulary. Internet World Stats presents its latest estimates for Internet Users by Language Because of the importance of this research, and due to the lack of other sources, Internet.
Ethnolinguistics (sometimes called cultural linguistics) is a field of linguistics that studies the relationship between language and culture and how different ethnic groups perceive the world.
It is the combination between ethnology and linguistics. The former refers to the way of life of an entire community: all the characteristics that distinguish one community from the other. For a simple graphic of Braj Kachru's circle model of World Englishes, visit page eight of the slideshow World Englishes: Approaches, Issues, and Resources.
Author Henry Hitchings has observed that the term World English "is still in use, but is contested by critics who believe it strikes too strong a note of dominance" (The Language Wars.Download