Moreover, we have to remember that after all we cannot to make all our decisions by thinking about overall consequences because we cannot predict them.
Thus, a consequentialist should pay the same amount of attention to the needs of strangers and relatives Sen, 3.
And he defined good as something that brings happiness to the greatest number of people, but formulation appeared to be too complex and potentially conflicting, so the main idea became centered on the greatest happiness principle.
When a person is going to make a moral decision based on consequentialism, he or she first overlooks the good and bad possible consequences of a given action and then determines whether the total good consequences outweigh the total bad consequences, and if the good exceeds the bad, then the action is morally proper.
Though, when it comes to it, even greatest philosophers, find it very difficult to come to the consensus. How to calculate this right amount of people, for whom the action will be right and good? The three components of consequentialist ethics are utilitarianism, ethical altruism, and ethical egoism.
This action that is initially based on rule-utilitarianism collapses to act-utilitarianism such that the people who an individual helps benefit from the assistance, although the action itself breaks a rule.
Third, this principle usually conflicts with the moral intuition. Consequentiolist theory addresses three basic questions- what kind of consequences are said to be good consequences, who benefits in the first row from the moral action and according to what standards discussed consequences are judged and by whom.
Work Cited Sen, A. Coat will make me happy and bring pleasure. How to calculate this right amount of people, for whom the action will be right and good?
In contrast to the aforementioned theories, a more commonly used and practiced theory in real-life situations is the consequentialist theory. Another way in which people choose their actions in these ethical situations is by the obligation or duty they feel to act in a certain way.
The actualist view is what is usually employed in most cases. Thus, Consequentialism does not accept the concept that good intentions should be still counted even when the action brought bad instead of indented good. John Stuart Mills argued that utilitarianism is the only right moral theory by saying that intellectual, cultural and spiritual pleasures possess greater value then physical one.
It is considered a teological theory, stemming from the Greek word telos, which means goal.
Retrieved from The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Rule-utilitarianism, on the other Essays on consequentialism, is highly dependent on rules, such that deciding what actions to take depend on morally good rules. Ethical Altruism The second subdivision of consequentialism is ethical altruism.
Utilitarianism is an ethical doctrine claiming that moral value of action is influenced by its impact upon the utility in maximizing pleasure.
Moreover, according to Consequentialism, something is moral if it has caused overall right kind of consequences. In this case, although a particular action follows a certain rule of helping other people, it does not support other morally good rules that helping should result to influencing other people to help themselves.
Forth, it provides no explanation why should people act for the benefit of others at the expense of private interests. Moreover, most of the time, following rules results to the best and most desirable consequences.
Supposing that of all the people Julian can kill, the best outcome will be achieved if, he kills Helen, then we say that the right person for Julian to kill is Hellen.
The term was first introduced to broad public in by G. Utilitarianism is defined as an ethical doctrine that says that the moral value of the particular action is totally stipulated by its impact to the general utility in maximizing pleasure Scarre, I have dollars.
The next argument, according to Rawls, is that Consequentialism interferers with the rights for privacy of those around us. Third, this principle usually conflicts with the moral intuition.
It has to be remembered that when it comes to Consequentialism overall consequences matter, meaning everything the action brings about, including the action itself Rawls. Armstrong An action therefore is good if it results to happiness and pleasure, not pain. This view considers the properness of each action on the foundation of what there outcome is, according to the current state of affairs.
It is essential for the person not to confuse intuition with EGO, as the outcomes of the action will appear not to be as expected. There are some theories that we, the modern people, find sane and reasonable, there are some that seem rather impractical to us.
Free philosophy essay samples and research paper examples available online are plagiarized! This therefore defends the act-consequentialism, since it shows the existence of several assessment procedures useful in determining the outcome of the action. These two arguments prove Consequentialism to be reasonable.Consequentialist theory is a moral theory based on the idea that the moral value of a decision or action is based upon results.
Consequences or outcomes are compared and decisions are made in favor of the consequences or outcomes that favor either and individual or group (CET).3/5(4). Consequentialism, Non- Consequentialism, Virtue Ethics and Care Ethics - Introduction This essay will provide a theoretical understanding of the four ethical frameworks: Consequentialism, Non- Consequentialism, Virtue Ethics and Care Ethics.
• Agent-relative consequentialism: requires observers to adopt the doctor's perspective in judging whether it would be morally wrong for the doctor to perform the transplant. Is there a 'Better Choice'? Deontology and Consequentialism are the two most outstanding and oppositional viewpoints in the theories of ethics.
Consequentialism, Non- Consequentialism, Virtue Ethics and Care Ethics - Introduction This essay will provide a theoretical understanding of the four ethical frameworks: Consequentialism, Non- Consequentialism, Virtue Ethics and Care Ethics.
Consequentialism and deontology will be critically discussed on their impact on psychological research. The following areas will be discussed on how the ethical.Download